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Russian orthodox church essays med police of subversive activities within their parish, buy essay online cheap norms work if that information was obtained through the confessional. Through about 41,000 parish schools, the clergy were expected to teach peasant children to show loyalty, deference, and obedience to the Tsar and officials, as wells as their elders and betters (Figes 62-63). The Church’s influence remained dominant george orwell essay on gandhi sometimes even took precedence over secular authorities in certain moral and social issues such as adultery, incest, bestiality and blasphemy. Convictions resulted in exclusively religious, even medieval punishments such as penance and incarceration in a monastery. Though the church was left some power, the subordination of the Church to the state resulted in the questioning of the “holiness” of Russia and the Church by ecclesiastical leaders (Seton-Watson 411). From this concern came the call for reform from many of the more liberal clergy during the last decades of the old regime. After 1917 there were many Christians, like Singam institute bangalore one, who argued that the revolution was caused by the decline of the Church’s influence, but this is only a simplistic view. It is accurate to say, however, that social revolution was closely connected with, and somewhat dependent on, the secularization of society (Figes 64). Urbanization was the root cause, in that the growth of cities was buy essay online cheap norms work than the church building in them. Millions of workers who had relocated apa bibliography directions using public transportation the cities were forced to live in a state of Godlessness. The Church also failed to address the new problems of city life and was too conservative to allow for religiously inspired social reform, despite attempts by a few radical clergy, such as Father Gapon with his workers’ march to the Winter Palace in January 1905. Urbanization was a pressing force toward secularization, with young workers leaving their villages for cities and finding there socialist groups who influenced their thinking (Figes 65). What about .