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Demi spanish meaning of essay Thanks to the popularity of Mexican cuisine north of the border (around the world, actually), there are plenty of Spanish words that English speakers knowingly adopt in day-to-day use: tacotortilla and quesadilla are pretty standard imports. But you may be surprised to learn that hundreds more Spanish words are in everyday use. And if you think this is due to the United States’ rapidly growing Hispanic population, you’d actually be wrong. Spanish words have been used in English for a very long time. Before Mexicans came Affordable essay writing service college english essay the United States, Americans came to Mexico. Present-day California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Nevada and Utah, as well as parts of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma and Wyoming, were all part of Mexico until they were ceded to the United States at the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848. And although the change in sovereignty meant a massive influx of English speakers, it also meant that thousands of Mexicans living in the region suddenly became Americans. Even earlier, in 1819, Spain ceded their Florida colony (which included parts of Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana) to the United States. As a result of a century of shifting borders, Spanish and English have had numerous opportunities to rub off on each other. Here are just some of the Spanish words that you probably use every day. Arizona – from Spanish Arizonacitself an adoption of the word alĭ ṣonakthe mcdonaldization thesis 0761955402 “little spring”, from the local O’odham language. Dotster hall university of alabama address labels etymology may be the Basque haritz ona (“good oak”). California – a mythical island from the 1510 Spanish novel Las sergas de Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. Colorado – “red-colored” (referring to the color of the river that is the state’s namesake). Florida – “flowery” Montana – from montaña (“mountain”) Nevada – “snowy” New Mexico – Nuevo México Texas – the Spanish adopted the word tejas from the language of the indigenous Cado people. It means “friends” or “allies”. Utah – derived from the name of the indigenous Ute people, via Spanish yuta . Buena Vista – “good view” El Paso – “the pass” Fresno – “ash tree” Las Vegas – “the meadows” Los Angeles – El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles del Río de Porciúncula“The Town of Our Lady the Queen of Angels of the Porciúncula River” Monterey – “king’s mountain” San Antonio – “Saint Anthony” San Francisco – “Saint Francis” Santa Cruz – “holy cross” Nothing’s more American than a cowboy, right? Well actually, the first people to herd cattle on horseback in North America were the vaqueros who introduced the ancient Spanish equestrian tradition to the Southwest. Their name is derived from vacathe Spanish word for – you guessed it – cow. buckaroo – anglicization of vaquero corral – “pen”, “yard” chaps – chaparreras : leg protectors for riding through chaparral desperado – desesperado (“desperate”) hackamore (a kind of horse bridle) – jáquima (“halter”) lariat – la reata (“strap”, “rein”, or “rope”) lasso – lazo (tie) quirt (a short horseman’s whip) – cuarta : quarter ranch – rancho (“a very small rural community”) rodeo – from rodear (“to go around”) stampede – from estampida ten-gallon hat – from Spanish tan galán (“so gallant”), or possibly galón (“braid”) arroyo – “stream” breeze – from brisa (“cold northeast wind”) caldera – “cauldron” canyon – cañón (“pipe”, “tube” or “gorge”) mesa – “table” playa – “beach” sierra – “mountain range” temblor – from temblar (“to shake”) tornado – from tronada (“thunderstorm”), from tornar (“to turn”) alligator – el lagarto (“the lizard”) armadillo – “little armored one” barracuda – possibly from barraco (“snaggletooth”) bronco – “rough” burro – “donkey” cockroach peer review papers Berlin Brandenburg International School anglicization of cucaracha mosquito – literally, “little fly” mustang – mustangofrom mesteño (“wild”, “untamed”) aficionado – “fan”, from aficionar (“to inspire affection”) bodega – “cellar” fiesta – “party” macho – “the property of being overtly masculine” matador – from matar (“to kill”) patio – “inner courtyard” plaza – “public square” piñata Affordable essay writing service college english essay “jug”, “pot”. Mexican Spanish, from Latin pinea (“pine cone”) pueblo – “small town”, derived from Latin populus quinceañera – quince + años (fifteen years) quixotic – derived from the name of Cervantes’ famous, delusional knight Don Quixote. rumba silo tango telenovela – “soap opera” armada – “armed”, from Real Armada Española (“Royal Spanish Navy”) bandolier – bandolera conquistador – “conqueror” flotilla – diminutive of flota (“fleet”) guerrilla – “small war” renegade – from renegado (“turncoat”, “traitor”) vigilante – “watchman” cargo – cargar (“to load”) embarcadero – “boat dock” embargo – embargar (“to seize”, “to impound”) galleon – galeóna large sailing ship with three or more masts stevedore – from estibador (“ship loader”), literally, “one who stuffs” burrito – “little donkey” chorizo – “spiced pork sausage” cilantro – “coriander” daiquiri – named after a port city in eastern Cuba habanero – “from Havana” jalapeño – “from Jalapa” mojito – diminutive form of Cuban Spanish mojo (“sauce”), derived from mojar (“to moisten”) nacho – named after Ignacio “Nacho” Anaya, who is purported to have invented the dish in 1943 oregano – orégano piña colada – piña (“pineapple”) + colada (“strained”) salsa – “sauce” sherry – from Old Spanish Xerés [ʃeˈɾes], modern Spanish Jerez [xeˈɾeθ] taco – “plug” tequila – named after the town where the spirit originated tomatillo – “small tomato” vanilla – from Spanish vainilladiminutive of Latin vaina (pod) But English isn’t the only language with a penchant for absorbing words from other languages. Many words that English has acquired from Spanish originally came from other languages, mostly those of native American populations that were subjugated by the Spanish colonial empire. (Mexico) avocado – anglicization of Spanish aguacatefrom Nahuatl ahuacatl chili – chilli chipotle – “smoked chili pepper”, lit. chilli + poctli (“smoke”) chocolate – xocolatl (“hot water”) cocoa – Spanish cacaofrom Nahuatl cacáhuatl coyote – coyotl guacamole – ahuaca-molliahuacatl (“avocado”) + molli (“sauce”) mesquite – from Mexican Spanish mezquitefrom Nahuatl mizquitl mole – molli (“sauce”) tamale – tamalli tomato – Spanish tomatefrom Nahuatl xitomatl peyote – peyotl (“caterpillar”) mescal – Spanish mezcalfrom Nahuatl mexcalli shack – Mexican Spanish jacal (“hut”), from Nahuatl xacalli. (Caribbean and North Coast of Work out every other day America) canoe – Spanish canoafrom Affordable essay writing service college english essay canaoua iguana – iwana hurricane – from huracánfrom Taino hurákan key / quay – cayofrom Taíno cayo papaya – papáia potato – European Spanish patatafrom Taíno batata (sweet potato) savanna – from sabanafrom Taíno zabana tobacco – Spanish tabaco from a Taíno word for a roll of tobacco leaves. (Andean South America) condor Inca – “lord” or “king” jerky – Spanish charquifrom Quechua ch’arki (“dried flesh”) pampa – “plain” puma. (northernmost South America) peccary – Spanish pecarífrom Carib paquira cannibal – from Spanish caníbalalteration of caríbalfrom Caribe. (Central America) cigar – Spanish cigarrofrom Mayan sicar (tobacco) (Central America) (Northern California) abalone – Spanish abulónfrom Ohlone aluan. albatross – from Arabic غطاس al-ġaţţās (“the diver”), possibly also the source of alcatraz (“pelican”) adobe – from Arabic الطّوب al-tub (“the brick”, “mud brick”) crimson – from Old Spanish cremesínvia Arabic قيرميزل qirmizI ; originally from Sanskrit कृमिज krmi-ja (“worm-made”) tuna – Spanish atúnfrom Arabic تون tun. chaparral – from Spanish chaparro (“small evergreen oak”), from Basque txapar (“small”, “short”) Zorro – Spanish for “fox”, from Basque azaria. bonanza – “prosperity” cafeteria – from cafetería (“coffee store”) incommunicado – estar incomunicado (“to be isolated”) jade – from piedra de ijada (“stone of flank”) nada – “nothing” palmetto – from palmito (“little palm”) peon – peón (“laborer”) platinum – from platino (“little silver”) pronto – “soon”, “prompt”; “hurry up!” in Mexican Spanish savvy – from sabe (“knows”) and sabio (“wise”) siesta – “nap”, originally from Latin sexta hora (“sixth hour”) suave – “smooth”; sometimes “cool” in Latin America vamoose – from vamos (“let’s go”)

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